Friday, September 17, 2021

Vitamin supplements and cancer risk

 Vitamin supplements and cancer risk

Vitamin supplements and cancer risk
Vitamin supplements and cancer risk

Dietary supplements such as vitamin and mineral tablets have become widely available in Australia and may be taken for a variety of reasons. Some people are advised by their doctor or dietitian to take dietary supplements if they have certain medical conditions, are pregnant, or have a restricted dietary intake. However, the majority of people do not need dietary supplements if they eat a wide variety of nutritious foods.

Cancer Council recommends people eat a variety of nutritious food especially 

fruit and vegetables.

Supplements versus whole foods

Getting nutrients from tablets is not as good as getting them naturally from food. Foods like fruit and vegetables contain lots of vitamins, but also many other beneficial substances such as fiber, minerals, and antioxidants. Dietary fiber can help to ensure a healthier digestive system and reduce the risk of bowel cancer, while antioxidants help protect against the damaging effects of free radicals in the body. Therefore eating whole foods is best to obtain maximum benefits.

In addition, research has shown that some vitamins that are taken as supplements may not have the same effect as when they’re consumed in food.   This is because the effect of the vitamin may be due to interactions between different food compounds that don’t occur when vitamins are isolated in a supplement.

Cancer Council recommends people obtain their nutritional requirements from whole foods, rather than individual nutrients in a supplement form.

Eating nutritious foods like fruit and vegetables can also help you to maintain

 healthy body weight.

Supplements and cancer risk

Studies suggest that people who eat a diet high in plant foods such as fruit, vegetables, and wholegrain cereals have a lower risk for some types of cancer.

However, in most cases, it is not known which compounds (or combination of compounds) are best when it comes to lowering the risk of cancer. There are likely to be important, but as yet unidentified, components of whole food that are not included in supplements.

Currently, there is no evidence to suggest that supplements (e.g. tablets, capsules) can reduce cancer risk. The few clinical trials testing whether supplements can reduce cancer risk in humans have had disappointing results. Any link between diet and cancer is far more complex than simply adding vitamin supplements to your existing diet.


Some studies suggest that certain antioxidant supplements such as beta-carotene is not protective, and may in fact increase overall mortality.

Beta-carotene is the orange color pigment found in vegetables and fruit and is converted into vitamin A in the body. Normal levels of beta-carotene from foods such as dark-green leafy vegetables, carrots, sweet potato, mango, and dried apricots may help protect against cancer.

However, studies have shown that there is a convincing link between beta-carotene supplements and the risk of lung cancer in people who smoke cigarettes.

Therefore it is possible that the protective effect of beta-carotene at dietary intake amounts is lost or reversed with dietary supplementation and the higher levels that this can supply.

Cancer Council recommends people avoid taking high doses (>18 mg) of beta-carotene supplements, especially if they smoke.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A (retinol) is obtained from foods in two ways: performed from animal food sources and derived from beta-carotene in plant foods. Vitamin A supplements, whether in the form of beta-carotene or retinol, have not been shown to lower cancer risk, and high-dose supplements may be toxic.  Long-term use of high-dose supplements increases the risk for lung cancer, particularly amongst people at high risk such as smokers.

 Vitamin C

Vitamin C is found in many vegetables and fruits.  Many experimental studies have linked the consumption of foods rich in vitamin C to a reduced risk for cancer.  However, the few studies in which vitamin C has been given as a supplement have not shown a reduced risk for cancer.  High doses of vitamin C (more than 2000mg/day) can cause a number of side effects such as headaches, diarrhea, nausea, heartburn, stomach cramps, and possibly kidney stones.

 Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant found in foods such as whole grains, seeds, nuts, and vegetable oils. Studies of vitamin E supplementation and cancer risk have shown inconsistent results (positive effects and no effects). High doses of vitamin E supplements can cause certain side effects and should be avoided.

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The amount of oxygen consumed by the lung


Background: The amount of oxygen consumed by the lung

The amount of oxygen consumed by the lung
 The amount of oxygen consumed by the lung

 itself is difficult to measure because it is included in whole-body gas exchange. It may be increased markedly under pathological conditions such as lung infection or adult respiratory distress syndrome. To estimate normal oxygen consumption of the human lung as a basis for further studies, respiratory gas analysis during total cardiopulmonary bypass may be a simple approach because the pulmonary circulation is separated from systemic blood flow during this period.

Methods: Lung oxygen consumption was determined in 16 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. During total cardiopulmonary bypass, their lungs were ventilated with low minute volumes (tidal volume, 150 ml; rate, 6 min-1; inspiratory oxygen fraction, 0.5; positive end-expiratory pressure, 3 mmHg). All expiratory gas was collected and analyzed by indirect calorimetry. As a reference value also, the whole-body oxygen consumption of these patients was determined before total cardiopulmonary bypass. In a pilot study of eight additional patients (same ventilatory pattern), the contribution of systemic (bronchial) blood flow to pulmonary gas exchange during cardiopulmonary bypass was assessed. For this purpose, the amount of enflurane diffusing from the systemic blood into the bronchial system was measured.

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Results: The human lung consumes about 5-6 ml oxygen per minute at an esophageal temperature of 28 degrees C. Pre bypass whole-body oxygen consumption measured at nearly normothermic conditions was 198 +/- 28 ml/min. Mean lung and whole-body respiratory quotients were similar (0.84 and 0.77, respectively). Extrapolating lung oxygen consumption to 36 degrees C suggests that the lung consumes about 11 ml/min or about 5% of total body oxygen consumption. Because the amount of enflurane diffused from the systemic circulation into the bronchial system during cardiopulmonary bypass was less than 0.1%, the contribution of bronchial blood flow to lung gas exchange can be assumed to be negligible.

Conclusions: The lung consumes about 5% of whole-body oxygen uptake.

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Saturday, September 11, 2021

6 effective tips to stop hair fall and boost hair growth

6 effective tips to stop hair fall and boost hair growth

6 effective tips to stop hair fall and boost hair growth
6 effective tips to stop hair fall and boost hair growth

Today, hair loss is one of the most common problems affecting both men and women. Apart from genetic factors, there are several other reasons for hair loss including under-active thyroid glands, stress, hormonal imbalance, nutritional deficiency, aging, scalp infection, certain medical conditions or medicines, air pollution, and insufficient circulation of blood. Losing 50 to 100 strands of hair a day is considered normal (Don’t worry a normal scalp has around 100,000 hair strands). However, if you start losing more than that, then it’s time to pay attention to your hair and scalp. There are several home remedies using readily available ingredients at home to control and stop hair fall. Here are some of the effective home remedies to stop hair fall and promote hair growth

1. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is an effective home remedy for hair loss and to boost hair growth. It is also effective in reducing problems of the scalp like itching and flaking. Aloe Vera, which is mildly alkaline, restores the natural pH level of the scalp. It can also be used for the treatment of dandruff. It boosts hair growth by penetrating deep into the scalp.

You will need: A stalk or leaf of Aloe Vera

Procedure: Take the stalk of Aloe Vera and extract the pulp. Apply it to your hair and scalp and leave it for about 45 minutes. Rinse with normal water. Do this three to four times a week to see better results.

2. Fenugreek seeds

Fenugreek or Methi seed is among the most effective home remedies to stop hair loss. It repairs the hair follicles and helps in the regrowth of the hair. Rich in proteins and nicotinic acid, fenugreek seeds strengthen the hair shaft and make your hair strong, shiny, and long.

You will need: 1 cup of fenugreek seeds

Procedure: Soak the fenugreek seeds overnight in water. Grind it to a fine paste the next day and apply it to your hair and scalp. Leave the paste on your head for about 30 minutes. You can cover your scalp using a shower cap to keep it moist. After 30 to 40 minutes, rinse it with normal water. You don’t have to use any shampoo. Do it twice a week for a month to control hair fall and get beautiful locks.

3. Coconut milk

Rich in proteins, minerals, and essential fats, coconut milk controls hair fall, reduces breakage of hair, and promotes hair growth. Coconut milk also contains potassium, which boosts hair growth. It will moisturize your hair and strengthen it leaving it shiny and healthy. The antibacterial properties of coconut milk will protect your hair against damage.
You will need 1 cup of coconut milk. You can make it by grinding the grated coconut in a mixer and squeezing out the milk.

Procedure: Massage the coconut milk into your scalp and hair. Apply the milk from the scalp to the hair ends. Wrap a towel around your head and leave it for about 20 to 30 minutes. After that, wash your hair with a mild shampoo and cold water. Do it once a week for effective results.

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4. Indian Gooseberry or Amla

Packed with vitamin C, antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and exfoliating properties, Indian Gooseberry or Amla is another effective home remedy to stop hair fall. One of the causes for hair fall is the deficiency of vitamin C, so consuming amla will strengthen the hair follicles and help you to control hair fall. It will also help promote faster growth of hair and maintain a healthy scalp. Apart from keeping your hair healthy and strong, amla will also help prevent premature hair graying.

You will need: For the first method, you will need 1 cup of coconut oil and 4 to 5 dried gooseberries. For the second method, you will require gooseberry powder and lime juice.

Procedure: For the first procedure, add the dried gooseberries to the coconut oil and boil it till the oil turns black. Let the oil come to room temperature and then massage it into your scalp. Keep it for 30 minutes and then wash it off with normal water and shampoo.

For the second procedure, mix lime juice and the amla powder to make a paste. Massage it to your scalp and hair. Use a shower cap to cover your head so that the paste doesn’t dry out. Keep it for an hour and then rinse it off with normal water. Follow these procedures twice a week for lustrous locks

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5. Beetroot Juice

Beetroot contains vitamin C and B, potassium, calcium, carbohydrates, protein, phosphorus, which are essential nutrients for healthy hair. It is one of the best kitchen remedies to control hair fall. You can consume it daily for the fast growth of hair.

You will need: A few Beetroot leaves, 1 tablespoon of henna

Procedure: Put the beetroot leaves in 2 cups of water and boil it till the water is reduced to half its quantity. Let it cool and then grind it. Add the henna to make a paste. Apply it to your scalp and hair. Leave it for around 20 minutes and then rinse it with normal water. Follow this procedure thrice a week to control hair fall and make it healthy.

6. Onion juice

Onions can do wonders for your hair. The antibacterial properties help fight against scalp infection and the sulfur content improves the circulation of blood to the hair follicles. It promotes hair growth and controls the loss of hair.

You will need Juice of 1 onion and a cotton ball. To extract onion juice, grind the onion and then squeeze out the juice.

Procedure: Dip the cotton ball in the onion juice and apply it to your scalp. Leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes and then wash it off using normal water and a mild shampoo. Follow this procedure once a week and see the difference.

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rejuvenate the thick, healthy, and beautiful hair of your youth.

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These 5 Nutrients Must Be Included In The Diet Of Growing Children

There is a need to take care of the health of children, These 5 nutrients must be included in the diet.

These 5 Nutrients Must Be Included In The Diet Of Growing Children
These 5 Nutrients Must Be Included In The Diet Of Growing Children

NUTSo that their health, immunity gets stronger with age and their body gets the strength to fight against all the infections and diseases. At a growing age, children need proper and adequate nutrition, which includes all kinds of nutrients like proteins, vitamins, minerals. If these are lacking in the diet of children, then many types of health problems can surround them. On the occasion of National Nutrition Week, we are telling you about some such nutrients which must be included in the diet of children.

5 main nutrients that should be included in the diet of children:-

Dr, Chief Dietitian, and Nutritionist, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital say that children are at an age when growth is rapid. In such a situation, proper nutrition at this age is very important. These main nutrients are:

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For good growth and strength, protein must be in the diet of children. It is such an element, which is needed not only by the elders but also by the children. This element helps in building body cells, converting food into energy, fighting infections also maintaining oxygen levels in the body.


Peak bone mass is formed by the age of 35, so it is very important to consume calcium in the right amount to build strong bones.


Consumption of fiber keeps the digestive system healthy, absorption of nutrients takes place properly. Fiber must be included in every child's diet.

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Consumption of iron helps in the proper development of the child, as iron is very important for the formation of red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body.


Nutrients like Vitamin-C and Vitamin-D should be consumed in a nutritious diet during pregnancy and after delivery. It is important to avoid the consumption of junk food during this time. Vitamin C not only helps with colds but also all the cells of the body together, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, heals wounds as well as strengthens teeth and bones.


There is a need to take care of the health of children since childhood, These 5 nutrients must be included in the diet. At a growing age, children need proper and adequate nutrition, which includes all kinds of nutrients like proteins, vitamins, minerals. On the occasion of National Nutrition Week, we are telling you about some such nutrients which must be included in the diet of children.