Sunday, April 25, 2021

WORLD MALARIA DAY 2021

World Malaria Day was observed for the first time on 25 April 2008. UNICEF's purpose in celebrating this day was to focus public attention on dangerous diseases like malaria, forcing millions of people to lose their lives every year. In developing countries, malaria is a death sentence for many patients. Malaria is a type of infectious disease caused by mosquitoes. Which is caused by female anopheles mosquito bites. It is called Plasmodium in the medical language. People suffering from this disease must know that there are 5 species of bacteria in this female mosquito that spreads malaria.

The main purpose of this day is to make people aware of malaria and protect their lives. This day is celebrated to attract public attention towards serious diseases like malaria, prevention, and control of it. The purpose of celebrating this World Malaria Day every year recognizes the worldwide efforts to control malaria. In this sequence, let us know when World Malaria Day was celebrated for the first time.
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Malaria spreads very rapidly in dirty places and moist areas. Therefore, it is advisable not to collect dirty water in and around the house as mosquitoes thrive in these places. Every year, millions of people lose their lives due to malaria. So let's know how malaria is and which of them is more dangerous.


Types of malaria:

Malaria is caused by many types of Plasmodium species in the human body.

1. Plasmodium falciparum

This parasite causes very dangerous malarial fever, which can also result in the death of the patient. Diseases afflicted by this do not know what they are saying. It feels very cold, with severe headaches and vomiting. These parasites produce Queditian malaria which mostly attacks during the daytime.

2. Plasmodium vivax

Similar malaria fever is seen in most people. The Waiwax parasite occurs mostly during the day. It produces benign tertiary malaria, which manifests every third day ie after 48 hours. Symptoms are a pain in the waist, head, arms, legs, loss of appetite, high fever with shivering, etc.

3. Plasmodium ovale

It also produces benign tertiary malaria.

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4. Plasmodium malaria

This quartan produces malaria, in which the patient has a fever every fourth day. When a person has this disease, protein starts coming out of his urine. Due to which there is a deficiency of protein in the body and swelling starts.

Allow the patient to rest in a dry and warm place. Remember that 14 days after mosquito bites, symptoms of malaria occur. India has targeted to eradicate malaria by the year 2030, while by the year 2027, the entire country will be made malaria-free. For this, many projects are also being run at the government level.

Symptoms of malaria disease:

Symptoms of malaria can begin six to eight days after the bite of female mosquitoes.

- Fever is due to cold and sweating when fever is cured.

- Fatigue, Headache

- Muscle aches, stomach discomfort

- To be vomiting

- Fainting

- Anemia, yellow color discoloration of the skin

So we saw that malaria disease is caused by the bite of a female mosquito. Due to this, a parasite called Plasmodium spreads in the blood and can also be killed.

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Rescue:

The best way to get rid of malaria is to sleep in mosquito nets and get rid of the water stored around the house. Apart from this, a sprinkling of medicines in the stagnant water by the local municipal corporation or the malaria department, the release of gambusia fish, etc. is also necessary. This fish thrives on the larvae of mosquitoes that carry the malaria germ to the human body.


Treatment:

If the above symptoms are appearing in the patient, then consult a doctor as soon as possible and start the appropriate medicines. Extra caution is required in the case of children and pregnant women.


The theme of World Malaria Day 2021

Every year a theme of Malaria Day is set on which scientists to physicians do their research and work. This year's theme is 'Cumin Malaria Goes Towards Goal'.

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