Sunday, November 21, 2021

What Is Hypersplenism?

Premature destruction of blood cells by the spleen

The spleen is an organ found in the upper left part of your abdomen. If your spleen is too active, it will remove blood cells too quickly and too quickly. The spleen plays an important role in helping your body fight infection. Spleen problems make you more likely to get infections.

Symptoms of Hypersplenism

1. Enlarged spleen

2. low levels of one or more types of blood cells

3. Feeling full soon after eating

4. left side abdominal pain

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5. Due to hypersplenism

6. Common causes of hypersplenism include:

7. Cirrhosis (advanced liver disease)

8. Lymphoma

9. Malaria

10. Tea.

Various connective tissue and inflammatory diseases diagnosis

The diagnosis of hypersplenism begins with a review of the patient's history and careful palpation of the spleen. Sometimes, the doctor may find that the spleen is enlarged. X-ray studies such as ultrasound and computed tomography scans (CT scans) can help diagnose possible root causes such as splenomegaly and tumors. 

Blood tests show a decrease in white blood cells, red blood cells or platelets. The second test measures red blood cells in the liver and spleen after the injection of radioactive material and identifies whether the spleen is capturing or destroying large amounts of red blood cells.

The diagnosis of an enlarged spleen is made using a combination of the patient's history, physical examination, if possible splenomegaly, and diagnostic tests. A history of fever and systemic symptoms may be due to infection, malaria, or inflammatory disorders. 

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A complete blood count is done to check the number of young red blood cells. Liver function tests, CT scans, and ultrasound exams can also help detect an enlarged spleen.

Treatment

Preferably splenic ablation (splenectomy or radiation therapy) In secondary hyperplasia, the underlying disease should be treated to prevent further division or destruction of blood cells and possible splenomegaly. 

That treatment will be attempted before the splinectomy is removed, which is avoided if possible. In severe cases, the spleen must be removed. Splenectomy will correct the effects of low blood cell concentration in the blood.

Vaccination for splenectomy patients Because the spleen prevents severe infection of encapsulated bacteria, splenectomy should be avoided whenever possible, and patients undergoing splenectomy should be treated with Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Key term

Cirrhosis: Stiffness of an organ, usually the liver. Liver cirrhosis is a progressive disease that destroys liver cells, disrupts blood flow to the liver and impairs liver function.

To beat: to beat or throb. The heartbeat usually predicts an irregular or fast rhythm.

Polycythemia vera: A serious disorder characterized by an increase in red blood cell mass and other disorders of the circulatory system. It is most common in men of Jewish descent between the ages of 40 and 60.

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Systemic: Pertaining to the system, or specifically to the system as a whole.

Systemic lupus erythematosus: A connective tissue disease that causes fever, weakness, fatigue, joint pain, and arthritis.

Ulcer: A rupture of the skin or mucous membrane with persistent tissue damage on the surface.

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