Saturday, June 19, 2021

Kidney disease: Know and stay healthy

Kidney disease: Know and stay healthy

What are the needs of the kidneys

The kidney is a very important organ of our body. The kidneys keep the internal environment of our body in order and excrete all the waste products from the body through urine. Also to maintain acid-base balance

Controlling blood pressure, helping to keep hemoglobin levels right and

The kidneys do some more important things like keeping the bones strong.

 Who is more likely to have kidney disease

There are some diseases that directly damage the kidneys. Again, there are some diseases called systemic diseases, which directly or indirectly damage other organs of the body as well as the kidneys.

1. If there is a kidney patient in the family, then someone else in the family may have the disease.

2. In addition, those who have very frequent colds, coughs, fevers, and recurrent skin infections can also occur.

3. Those whose high blood pressure is not under the control

4. Those whose blood sugar (diabetes) is not under the control

5. Those who have urinary tract infections

6. Those who have kidney stones again and again

6. Kidney disease can occur in those who have any birth defects.

What is the number of kidney diseases in the world/country

As the average life expectancy of people increases, so does the number of kidney patients. Around 25 to 300 million people worldwide suffer from kidney disease and about 12 to 15 million people in India. The main reason for the increase in India is that it has the highest number of diabetics compared to other countries. So India has the highest number of kidney patients compared to other countries.

What is the reason for the gradual increase in the number of people infected with this disease?

The increasing daily busyness of the people

Eat junk food regularly,

Environmental pollution,

Lifestyle changes,

Diabetes / high blood pressure

And not getting regular check-ups.

Not drinking enough water

Not eating properly in the morning and at night/eating too much.

 

What are the early symptoms of kidney disease?

In the early stages, there are often no symptoms of the disease. However, there are some symptoms

Swollen eyelids in the morning

Swelling of the legs

Sudden onset of high blood pressure

Having anemia

Reduce hunger

The trouble with a little hard work

Decreased or decreased amount of urine

Skin discoloration

Itching all over the body

Occasional bone pain

 How it is diagnosed?

Regular high blood pressure, blood sugar should be checked up

Need to do a health check-up

Check the amount of urea, creatinine, hemoglobin, calcium, uric acid in the blood.

Ultrasonography should be done to see if the size and shape of the kidney is right.

What precautions need to be taken

High blood pressure, blood sugar (diabetes) should be controlled.

People with high blood pressure and diabetes should see a regular nephrologist.

Exercise regularly and drink plenty of water as advised by your doctor

Eat more vegetables

Don't put fish or meat on the food list every day

Eat less salt

Weight control

Drugs, not alcohol

Avoid stress as much as possible. In this case, doing yoga can be beneficial.

If someone in the family dies or has kidney disease, then everyone in The family should see a nephrologist.

Treat any urinary tract infection as soon as possible.

If the prostate is enlarged in the elderly, many times the urine flow is not good and if the urine is brain flow, the kidneys may be bad. The advice of a nephrologist should be taken without neglect.

Treatment

Once the kidneys have deteriorated, they can no longer be restored to normal. Before it gets worse, treatment is to prevent it from getting worse. So whatever is said in the warning list must be followed. Once it gets worse, there is no way without Dialysis, Transplant.

 

Is modern lifestyle change the cause of increasing kidney problems?

Busy rat race lifestyle, stress, excitement, eating fast food, pesticides in vegetables, environmental pollution - undoubtedly this modern lifestyle is largely responsible for direct or indirect kidney damage.

 
Can kidney damage have any effect on a normal life?

Even if a kidney is damaged, people can lead a normal life. But always be careful.

When the kidneys start to deteriorate, it goes through five stages. It has to be staged by looking at GFR. Stages are ESRD, Dialysis is needed at that time. Kidney Tx should be done before or after starting dialysis.

 What should be eaten?

Healthy food

Do not eat fast food

Eat less salt

Eat less fat

Controlling high blood pressure/sugar

Weight control

Avoid intoxicants

 Kidney problems if you drink less water / Problems if you drink more - your opinion on this

You need to drink water as needed. More in summer and a little less in winter. However, 2.5 to 3 liters of water is the minimum amount for everyone.

If you have a urinary tract infection or stroke, you may need to drink more water, and if you have kidney failure, you may need to drink less water.

 Low back pain is one of the primary symptoms of kidney disease

Some kidney problems can cause back pain. Such as if you have stones, if you have polycystic ovary disease or if you have calcium deficiency from kidney disease. However, back pain does not mean kidney problems.

Frequent pain medications are more likely to cause kidney problems

Most drugs are excreted through the kidneys. In the process, the kidneys may be damaged by certain drugs or substances converted from the drug. Therefore, pain killers should not be taken without the advice of a doctor.

Advice as an expert

Regularly check up on high blood pressure/blood sugar. And follow the doctor's advice

Drink enough water

Eat less salt

Avoid fast food

Do not take drugs

Weight control

Eat breakfast and lunch at the right time

Avoid stress as much as possible, excitement.

Would you like to be able to forget about your diabetes and feel

 free, energetic, and rejuvenated again?

Kidney: Problem identification and remedy

1. Kidney problems are thought to be caused by back pain or reddened urine

 It can cause some kidney problems. Such as if you have stones if you have polycystic ovary disease or if you have calcium deficiency from kidney disease. However, back pain does not mean kidney problems.

2. What causes such problems?

 This type of problem can occur if someone has a problem with prostate problem or cancer of the urethra. Therefore, it is necessary to see a nephrologist as soon as such problems occur and seek treatment as per his advice.

 3. What are the causes of kidney disease?

 There are some diseases that directly damage the kidneys. Again, there are some systemic diseases that directly or indirectly damage other parts of the body as well as the kidneys.

High blood pressure (uncontrolled) and diabetes (uncontrolled blood sugar) increase the risk of kidney disease many times over. Besides

If there is a kidney patient in the family, then someone else in the family may have the disease.

Those who have urinary tract infections

Those who have recurrent kidney stones

If there is a connective tissue disorder

 If the size of the prostate becomes larger

 If there is an infection in another part of the body

 Excessive drinking

 Eat less water.

 4. Kidney disease or not - what is the way to understand it?

 The only way to understand is to consult a nephrologist every year. Urine should be tested first in the test. Check the amount of urea, creatinine, hemoglobin, calcium, uric acid in the blood.

Also need to do ultrasonography of the kidneys.

 

But if through urine

 

Protein levels go out in excess

 

RBC goes out

 

If the size of the kidneys becomes smaller

 

Then it is understood that he has kidney disease.

5. What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

 In general, the symptoms of kidney disease are not very well understood. It is not understood until the kidneys are 70 to 80 percent bad. That is why this disease is called a silent killer.

 

However, there are some symptoms such as: -

 

Get less hungry

 

Nausea

 

Frequent fever

 

Irritation in the urine

 

Dizziness

 

Feeling weak

 

Swollen eyelids Swollen feet in the morning

Sudden onset of high blood pressure

Having anemia

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. What is the main reason for the increase in kidney problems in modern living standards

 Busy rat race lifestyle, stress, excitement, fast food, pesticides in vegetables, environmental pollution, intoxication, irregular lifestyle, eating too much salt, spicy foods - these modern lifestyles are undoubtedly largely responsible for direct or indirect kidney damage.

 If you see any symptoms, the patient will understand that he has kidney problems. Must go to a specialist doctor

 

Foaming in the urine

 

When I wake up in the morning, my face is swollen and my legs are swollen

 

Anemia

 

Redness of urine

 

In addition, decreased urination,

 

Shortness of breath

 

 Is kidney disease curable?

 

Some kidney diseases can be cured if caught early. However, the rest can be controlled.

 

9. What is the test for kidney disease?

 

USG (KUB)

Routine check-up of urine

Urine for albumin and creatinine balance test (urine for ALBUMIN: CREATININE RATIO)

And in many cases, a kidney biopsy has to be done if necessary.

10. People with diabetes are more likely to have kidney disease

 The main cause of kidney disease is diabetes. More than 50 percent of people with diabetes may have diabetic kidney disease. With regular check-ups, it is understood that diabetes is going to damage the kidneys. And if that is done, it is possible to slow down the rate of kidney damage through medication. In addition, non-diabetic kidney disease can also occur in diabetic patients.

 

11. When is Kidney Failure Called?

 Kidney failure is when the two kidneys cannot function normally due to various diseases or the kidney function is reduced. When high-level urea goes and with it others become abnormal. Parameters such as: -

 

May cause anemia

 

Uric acid and phosphate levels may increase.

 

Calcium may be reduced.

 

There may be a pain in the bones.

 

Creatinine and urea levels may increase.

 

The electrolyte may be abnormal.

 

12. When dialysis or kidney transplantation is needed

 When the kidneys become 90 percent bad and with it come the symptoms of unbearable kidney failure.

 

13. Your advice to keep the kidneys healthy and strong.

 Regular high blood pressure/blood sugar should be controlled

If there is irritation in the urine, a doctor's advice should be taken

Drink enough water (2 to 2.5 liters)

Eat less salt

Avoid fast food

Do not take drugs

Weight control

Eat breakfast and lunch at the right time

Avoid stress as much as possible, excitement.

Consult a doctor at least once a year to find out if you have any kidney problems.

 


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