Sunday, October 16, 2022

What Is Lupus?

Lupus is an acute inflammatory disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. 

The inflammation caused by lupus can affect various body systems, including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs.

Lupus is difficult to diagnose because its symptoms and signs are usually similar to those of other diseases. The most common sign of lupus — a rash on the face that looks like butterfly wings on both cheeks — appears in most cases of lupus, but not all cases.

Some people develop a tendency to develop lupus, which can be caused by infections, certain medications, or even exposure to the sun. Although there is no cure for lupus, treatment can help control symptoms.

Symptoms of lupus

No two cases of lupus are the same. Signs and symptoms may appear suddenly or develop gradually, may be mild or severe, and may be temporary or permanent. The vast majority with lupus have a gentle sickness portrayed by scenes — called eruptions — when indications and signs deteriorate for some time, then, at that point, improve momentarily, or even totally.

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The signs and symptoms of lupus you experience depend on which systems of the body the disease affects. 

The most common signs and symptoms include:

fatigue and fever

Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling

butterfly-shaped pimples on the face that cover the cheeks and the bridge of the nose

Skin lesions that may be exposed or damaged by sunlight (photosensitivity)

fingers and toes that turn white or blue during cold or stress (Reynolds case)

shortness of breath

Pain in chest

dry eyes

Headache, confusion, and memory loss

when to see a doctor

See your doctor if you experience unexpected acne, fever, persistent pain or fatigue.

Cause of lupus

Lupus occurs when your immune system attacks the healthy tissues of your body. Lupus is probably caused by a combination of your genetics and your environment. It has been shown that people with a genetic predisposition to lupus can develop the disease when they are exposed to something in the environment that can cause lupus. However, in most cases the cause of lupus is unknown. Some possible triggers include:

Exposure to sunlight can cause skin lesions or internal reactions in sensitive individuals.

Infection. Infection can cause lupus to start or recur in some people.

Medicines. Lupus can be started with certain types of anti-cesarean drugs, blood pressure medications, and antibiotics. People with drug-induced lupus have stopped taking the drug.

To risk

Factors that increase the risk of lupus include:

Your gender Lupus is more common in women.

Era. Although lupus affects people of all ages, it is most commonly diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 40.

Lupus is more common in people of African-American, Hispanic, and Asian descent.

complications of lupus


The inflammation caused by lupus can affect many parts of your body, including:

Kidney. Lupus can cause severe kidney damage and is the leading cause of death in people with lupus. Symptoms of kidney problems can include general itching, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, and swelling.

brain and central nervous system. If lupus affects your brain, you may experience headaches, dizziness, behavior changes, confusion, and even stroke or contractions. Many individuals with lupus have memory issues and may experience issues offering their viewpoints. 

Blood and blood vessels. Lupus can cause blood problems, including anemia and the risk of bleeding or fatigue. This can lead to inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis).

respiratory system. Having lupus increases the risk of inflammation in the lining of your chest cavity, which makes it difficult to breathe. You may also be at increased risk of getting pneumonia.

Heart. Lupus can cause inflammation of your heart muscle, arteries, or pericarditis. The danger of respiratory failure and stroke likewise increments essentially. 

Contaminations that usually influence individuals with lupus incorporate urinary lot diseases, respiratory contaminations, yeast diseases, salmonella, ringworm, and ringworm. 

Cancer. Having lupus increases your risk of cancer.

Bone tissue death (vascular necrosis). When the blood supply to bones is reduced, small bones often break and eventually fracture. The hip joint is most commonly affected.

Pregnancy complications. Ladies with lupus have a higher danger of premature delivery. 

Lupus increases the risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy (preeclampsia) and premature labor. To decrease the danger of these difficulties, specialists frequently suggest postponing pregnancy until your illness is taken care of for somewhere around a half year. 

Testing and diagnosis

Lupus is difficult to diagnose because symptoms and signs vary greatly from person to person. The signs and side effects of lupus can change after some time and cross-over with those of numerous different issues. No single test can diagnose lupus. Diagnosis is made by combining the results of blood and urine tests, symptoms and signs, and physical tests.

Lab test

Blood and urine tests may include:

Complete blood count. This test estimates the number of red platelets, the number of white platelets and platelets, just as the measure of hemoglobin, the protein in red platelets. 

The results may indicate that you have anemia, which usually occurs in lupus. Lupus can cause a decrease in the number of white blood cells or platelets.

The rate at which red blood cells decrease. This blood test determines how many red blood cells settle to the bottom of the tube within an hour. Systemic diseases such as lupus can show up faster than usual. Rain is not specific to any one disease. If you have lupus, another inflammatory condition, cancer, or infection, it can get worse.

Evaluation of kidney and liver. Blood tests can determine how well your kidneys and liver are working. Lupus can affect these organs.

Examination of your urine sample will show an increase in the amount of protein or red blood cells in the urine, which may be due to lupus affecting your kidneys.

Antinuclear antibody (ANA) test. A positive test for the presence of these antibodies - created by your safe framework - demonstrates an invigorated insusceptible framework. Although the ANA test is positive for most people with lupus, most people with positive ANA do not have lupus. If your ANA test is positive, your doctor may recommend more specific antibody tests.

Imaging test

If your primary care physician speculates that lupus is influencing your lungs or heart, they might propose:

A chest X-ray may show an unusual coloration of your breasts, indicating fluid or swelling in your lungs.

Echocardiogram. This test uses sound waves to create a real-time image of your beating heart. It can diagnose problems with your valves and other parts of your heart.


Lupus can damage your kidneys in many ways, and treatment varies depending on the type of damage. In some cases, it may be necessary to examine a small sample of kidney tissue to determine the best treatment. Samples can be obtained with a needle or small incision.

Treatment and medicine

Treatment of lupus depends on your symptoms and signs. The benefits and risks need to be carefully discussed with your doctor to determine whether your symptoms and signs should be treated and which drugs should be used. As your signs and symptoms worsen, you and your doctor may feel that you need to change your medication or diet. The most commonly used drugs to control lupus include:

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Stronger NSAIDs are available by prescription. Side effects of NSAIDs include stomach bleeding, kidney problems, and heart problems.

Anti-malarial drugs. Medicines commonly used to treat malaria, such as hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), can help control lupus. Side effects include stomach upset and, in rare cases, cataracts.

Corticosteroids. Prednisone and other types of corticosteroids can fight the inflammation of lupus, but often cause long-term side effects -- weight gain, easy bruising, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, diabetes, and an increased risk of infection. High doses and long-term treatment increase the risk of side effects.

Immunosuppressants. Immune suppressants may be helpful in severe cases of lupus. Examples include azathioprine (Imuran, Azasan), mycophenolate (Cellcept), leflunomide (Arava), and methotrexate (Trexol). Conceivable incidental effects might incorporate an expanded danger of disease, liver harm, diminished fruitfulness, and an expanded danger of malignant growth. 

A newer drug, belimumab (Benelista), also seems to reduce the symptoms of lupus in some people. Side effects include nausea, diarrhea, and fever.

Lifestyle and home remedies

If you have lupus, take steps to care for your body. Simple treatments can help you prevent the onset of lupus erythematosus and, if found, better cope with the signs and symptoms you are experiencing. try:

See your doctor regularly. Routine checkups instead of seeing your doctor when your symptoms get worse can help your doctor avoid irritants and be effective in dealing with regular health issues such as stress, diet, and exercise that lead to complications of lupus. can. helps prevent

get plenty of rest. People with lupus always experience persistent fatigue that is different from normal fatigue and is not relieved. Therefore, it can be difficult to decide when to slow down. Get enough sleep at night and sleep or rest during the day as needed.

Be careful, as UV light can shine through, wear protective clothing – such as a hat, long-sleeved shirt, and long pants – and use sunscreen with a sun protection factor of at least 55 every time you go outside. NS.

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Exercise regularly. Exercise can help you recover from stroke, reduce your risk of heart attack, fight depression, and promote general health.

Take a healthy diet. A sound eating regimen centers around organic products, vegetables, and entire grains. Sometimes your diet may be off-limits, especially if you have high blood pressure, kidney damage, or gastrointestinal problems.

Alternative medicine

Sometimes alternative or complementary medicines can be beneficial for lupus patients. However, these treatments are usually used in conjunction with traditional medicine. Talk to your doctor before starting this treatment on your own. She can help you measure the benefits and risks and tell you whether the treatment will interfere with your current lupus medication.

Complementary and alternative treatments for lupus include:

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Supplements containing this hormone have been shown to reduce the dose of steroids that some people need to keep lupus symptoms stable.

Preliminary research has shown some promise, although more research is needed. Side effects of fish oil supplements may include nausea, belching, and a fishy taste in the mouth.

Vitamin D There is some evidence that people with lupus may benefit from vitamin D supplementation.


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